An introduction to electromagnetic field therapy and immune function: a brief history and current status

Christina L. Ross 1,2 and Benjamin S. Harrison 1*

1 Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, and 2 Center for Integrative Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157;

*Corresponding Author: Benjamin S. Harrison, E-mail:

Abstract: Interest in electromagnetic field (EMF) treatments has increased rapidly in recent years due to its advantages over other treatments for tissue healing and infection. Benefits include low -cost, ready availability, ease of localized application, few if any side-effects, and indefinite shelf life. Immunological studies show that low-intensity EMF can interact with cells and tissues, providing a large number of anti-inflammatory and wound healing applications. The effect of EMF on the immune system in phagocytic cells alone has attracted attention because of the role that extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) plays in decreasing the growth rate of bacteria. With today’s antibiotic-resistant bacteria, medicine is in need of a mechanism to aid in the control of inflammatory response, greatly benefitting the fields of disease pathology, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.